Basic Website FAQ
Page requests are how many times an element of a website is requested from the server. This could be a page, an image or some information that tells the browser how style up the fonts etc. The smaller the number the page requests. The less times the information has to be asked and so the site loads slightly quicker. A well designed website will minimise these by chunking a bunch of requests together at the same time through compression.
Page redirects are a way of telling visitors to a site and search engines that a page that used to exist in an old location has moved to a different location. This is useful because web pages build up SEO equity over time. If a website gets recreated with different page names, this tells the search engines to transfer that equity to a new page.
Browser caching is a way of telling browsers to keep copies of static files stored locally in their cache/storage. So they don’t have to re-download those elements each time. This increases website load speed.
When it comes to browser maintenance, one of the most common questions is whether or not to delete the cache. The cache is a collection of files that are stored on your computer in order to improve performance. When you visit a website, your browser will save certain files to the cache so that they don’t have to be downloaded again the next time you visit the site. This can speed up loading times, but it can also cause problems if the cached files become outdated. So should you delete your browser cache?
It depends on your individual needs and preferences. If you find that your browser is running slowly or if you’re having trouble loading websites, clearing the cache may help. On the other hand, if you rarely encounter these sorts of issues, there’s no need to delete the cache. Ultimately, it’s up to you to decide what works best for your browsing habits.
Most people will only need to clear up their cache every two to three months. However, if you visit a significant amount of sites frequently, you might need to delete the cache more often.
A URL (Uniform Resource Locator) is a specific character string that constitutes a reference to an Internet resource. Here’s an example of a URL: https://www.google.com, which takes users to the Google search engine home page. Every website has its own URL, which provides a unique address that can be used to access the site from anywhere in the world. In addition to websites, URLs can also be used to point to other resources on the Internet, such as images, videos, and documents.
A web server is a computer system that delivers web pages to users. When a user types in a web address, their computer contacts the web server and requests the page. The web server then sends the requested page back to the user’s computer. Web servers are the foundation of the World Wide Web, and they are what make it possible for users to view web pages in their browsers. However, web servers can do much more than just deliver pages. They can also store data, process requests, and run applications. In fact, some of the largest websites in the world rely on web servers to function correctly.
HTTP and HTTPS are both protocols for communication on the World Wide Web. HTTP, or Hyper Text Transfer Protocol, is the standard protocol used for most web pages. It is an unsecure protocol, which means that data can be intercepted and read by third parties. HTTPS, or Hyper Text Transfer Protocol Secure, is an encrypted version of HTTP. This means that data is converted into a code before it is sent, making it much more difficult to intercept. HTTPS is often used for sensitive information, such as online banking or shopping. While HTTPS offers greater security than HTTP, it is also slower, due to the need for encryption. As a result, most websites use a mix of both protocols, with HTTPS being used for sensitive pages and HTTP being used for the rest.
An Internet Protocol address (IP address) is a unique numerical identifier assigned to every device connected to the internet. Just as your home has a physical address that is used to route mail and deliveries, your computer or smartphone has a virtual address that is used to route internet traffic. Its role has been characterised as follows: “A name indicates what we seek. An address indicates where it is. A route indicates how to get there.” IP addresses are written and presented in human-readable notations. For instance, 172.16.254.1
When you visit a website. your device sends a request to the server hosting that site. The server then responds by sending the requested data back to your device’s IP address. This process happens countless times every day, and it would not be possible without IP addresses.
A sitemap is a file where you provide information about the pages, videos, and other files on your website, and the relationships between them. There are two types of sitemaps: an XML sitemap (extensible markup language) and a TXT sitemap (text only). XML sitemaps are more common as they can provide more information than TXT sitemaps. However, both types of sitemaps can be used to provide information to search engines about the pages on your website.
Search engines like Google read this file to crawl your site. A sitemap tells Google which pages and files you think are important to your site, and also provides valuable information about these resources, such as when they were last updated, how often you change them, and which other sites link to them. This allows Google to crawl your site more intelligently.
In addition, a sitemap can be a helpful tool for planning and organising your website’s content. It can help you track what pages you have, what links to them, and how all of your content fits together. If you’re running a large website with many different sections and subsections, a sitemap can be essential for keeping track of everything. Even if you have a smaller website, though, a sitemap can still help organise your content and make sure that all of your pages are properly linked together.
HTML, HyperText Markup Language, is used to create structured documents by denoting structural semantics for text such as headings, paragraphs, lists, links and other items. HTML can also be used to enclose content such as images and videos. When a web browser retrieves an HTML document, it reads the document and converts it into a visible or audible web page. The browser does this by reading the HTML tags and interpreting their meaning such as italicising words, bigger or smaller font, etc.
DNS stands for Domain Name System. It is a system that translates human-readable domain names (like example.com) into machine-readable IP addresses (eg. 18.104.22.168). When typing a domain name into your web browser, DNS servers look up the corresponding IP address so that your browser can connect to the right website. DNS servers are distributed worldwide to ensure that website lookups are fast and reliable no matter where you are in the world. You can think of DNS as the foundation that allows us to browse the internet. Without it, we would only be able to access websites by typing in their IP addresses, and the internet would be a much harder place to navigate.
FTP, stands for File Transfer Protocol, is a way to download, upload and transfer files from one location on the internet. It’s also possible for users who have accounts with each other or through cloud storage providers like Dropbox or Google Drive – which means you can get your work done without ever having a physical hard drive in your hand!
FTP enables fast data transfers between computers and gets uploaded into remote servers where it awaits retrieval whenever someone needs them again. The only thing that matters when using this protocol is connection speed – if both sides don’t communicate properly then there won’t be any movement whatsoever towards completing these transactions at their desired pace.
A 404 error is a response code that is returned by a web server when it cannot find the requested page. Many reasons could cause a 404 error, such as the page is moved or deleted, or a typo in the URL. When users try to access a page that doesn’t exist, they will see a 404 error message.
Here are a few ways you could follow when seeing a 404 error:
404 errors are often unavoidable, but by following these steps you can minimise their impact on your website. We also recommend conducting a regular 404 webpage audit to ensure your website provides the best user experience to the website visitors.
All Web servers return a status code whenever they process an HTTP request. Status codes are three-digit numbers that provide information about the outcome of the request. The most common status codes are 2xx, which indicates that the request was successful, and 4xx and 5xx, which indicate that the request was unsuccessful. Here is a more detailed breakdown of some of the most common status codes:
4XX (Client Error):
5XX (Server Error):
As you can see, there are many different types of status codes, each of which indicates a different result. However, by understanding these status codes, you can get a better understanding of what is happening when you request to a Web server.